The Quran a.

Followers compiled Muhammad’s revelations b. Quran “recitation”, tued the holy ebook of Islam c. A perform of outstanding poetry B. Muhammad’s Migration to Medina 1.

Conflict at Mecca a. His teachings offended other believers, primarily the ruling elite of Mecca b.

Essay Writing On Computer Advantages And Disadvantages

Attacks on greed offended rich merchants c. Assaults on idolatry threatened shrines, primarily the black rock at Ka’ba two. The hijra a. Less than persecution, Muhammad and followers fled to Medina, 622 C.

E. b. The shift, acknowledged as hijra, was the setting up place of the Islamic calendar 3.

The umma a. Organized a cohesive group referred to as umma in Medina b.

Led business adventure, from time to time launched raids towards Mecca caravans c. Served the weak and needy 4. The “seal of the prophets” a. Referred himself as the “seal of the prophets,” � the last prophet of Allah b.

Held Hebrew scriptures and New Testomony in large esteem . Decided to unfold Allah’s want to all humankind C. The Institution of Islam in Arabia one. Muhammad’s retu to Mecca a. He and his followers conquered Mecca, 630 b. Imposed a goveing administration committed to Allah c.

Destroyed pagan shrines and designed mosques 2. The Ka’ba a. The Ka’ba shrine was not ruined b. In 632, Muhammad led the 1st Islamic pilgrimage to the Ka’ba three. The Five Pillars of Islam a. Obligations superior papers taught by Muhammad, regarded as the 5 Pillars b.

The Five Pillars bound the umma into a cohesive community of faith four. Islamic law: the sharia a.

Emerged during the centuries right after Muhammad b. Thorough direction on proper behavior in virtually each and every part of existence c. Drew inspiration specially from the Quran d. By the sharia, Islam grew to become far more than a faith, but also a way of life II. The Enlargement of Islam A. The Early Caliphs and the Umayyad Dynasty one. The caliph a. On Muhammad’s loss of life, Abu Bakr served as caliph “deputy” b. Tued head of the state, main choose, spiritual chief, army commander two. The expansion of Islam a. In between 633-637, seized Byzantine Syria, Palestine, and most of Mesopotamia b. Our editors will assist you deal with any problems and get an A !We will deliver an essay sample to you in 2 Hours. If you need assist more quickly you can usually use our customized writing company. Nous tenons a remercier particulierement notre Maitre de memoire, Madame Joelle Cees pour sa precieuse aide dans la construction et la realisation de ce projet. Nos remerciements se portent egalement vers l’equipe enseignante:Au corps professoral pour la richesse des enseignements et des echanges tout au extended des trois deieres annees au sein de l’ESG. A Sandrine Chokron et Jean-Christian Mazzoni pour leur energie, sympathie et soutien pendant tout le deroulement de ce memoire. L’univers bancaire se caracterise par une multiplicite de risques et toute activite, qu’elle soit commerciale ou industrielle, implique un risque. La banque, elle, de element ses activites, supporte naturellement des risques. La presence d’un risque de pertes causee par des defaillances procedures ou d’erreurs humaines dues a des evenements intees ou extees a la banque est le principal probleme auquel font face les banques aujourd’hui. C’est donc par consequent, le risque operationnel sur lequel nous allons axer notre travail. Il serait donc vital et judicieux que les banques disposent de methodologies efficaces qui permettent de quantifier et d’evaluer le risque operationnel, source de probleme.